The Ten Commandments Part II, “The Fourth Commandment”


The Ten Commandments Part II

Synopsis of Bible study 8/18/10

Delivered by Bishop Walker III

The Fourth Commandment

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Exodus 20.8

  1. The Sabbath Day was traditionally observed on the 7th day of the week. To the Jew the Sabbath begins Friday evening at 6pm and goes through Saturday 6pm. The bible teaches that day was special. There were certain rules that had to be observed on the Sabbath. Exodus 31:15 says 15Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. – The Sabbath Day was honored by the Jews.
  2. The Sabbath Day was not always kept on the 7th day. Leviticus 23:39 says 39Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. – Note that we are teaching bible right here and not doctrine. Sabbatarians[1], believe the Sabbath is still observed today on Saturday. For example the Seven Day Adventist. The Adventist even believe that it is the mark of the beast not to observe the Sabbath on Saturday/7th day..
  3. Know that our Salvation does not depend on keeping or not keeping the Sabbath. It has nothing to do with our salvation. Our salvation is not dependant on the law or keeping low. Romans 3:20: says 20Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. Romans 3:28 says 28Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Galatians 2:16 says 16Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. – We simply are not brought to salvation according to what we do according to the law.
  4. The Sabbath is the only ceremonial commandment given in the Ten Commandments. Paul writes to the Colossian, because there is the clinging to the ten, the Torah, the law. They are trying to use the law under the new covenant. Colossians 2:14-16 says 14Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; 15And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. 16Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: – Don’t let anybody judge you by you not observing the Sabbath on a certain day. Just like the issue with the meat. Ex – In the Torah, they judged for eating certain meat until Paul got a vision that said that everything God created was good.
  5. The Sabbath was given to Israel. Ezekiel 20:12 says 12Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.- This was something that God gave to Israel. 1 Corinthians 1:22 says 22For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: – The Sabbath was a sign between God and them. It is important to note that none of the patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, or Jacob) kept the Sabbath. In Genesis 2:2 says 2And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. – God didn’t call it a Sabbath; he just rested on the 7th day. Paul and Jesus observed the Sabbath, because they were Jews. It was Paul after receiving the revelation of the dispensation of grace that went into the synagogue and preached the gospel to the Jews. Ephesians 3:2 says 2If ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward:
  6. The 7th day is Saturday, but let’s takes a look at the book of Acts, and see the actions of the early Apostles. Acts 20:7 says 7And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.-It was on the first day of the week that Paul preached to the disciples in this scripture, which is Sunday.

1 Corinthians 16:2 says 2Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. – This is an offering on the first day of the week which is Sunday.

  1. We began telling about the Old Testament covenant. When Christ came he deals with the Old Testament in light of the New. Hebrews 8:13 says 13In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away. – The New Covenant has come and the Old one is vanishing away. Hebrews 10:9 says 9Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. – God established a New Covenant. Hebrews 8:6 says 6But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. – God established a better covenant with better promises.

Matthew 12:1-8

  1. 1At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn and to eat. – Jesus was Jew. If a person does not rest on Sabbath and works, Jewish Law said they should die. Jesus and his disciples worked on the Sabbath when they plucked the corn to eat.
  2. 2But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day. – The Pharisees, the keeper of the Law, said it was unlawful because it was not lawful to work or pick the corn on the Sabbath.
  3. 3But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; 4How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? – Jesus says, when David was hungry, he went into the house of God, went to altar and ate the bread off the table. Only the priests were allowed to do this.
  4. 5Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? – Jesus reminded them that the Priest in the temple did it and were found blameless.
  5. 6But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. – Jesus reminded the Pharisees that if they did it, he was greater than they. He was Jesus the son of God.
  6. 7But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. – Jesus also reminded them that if they knew the real meaning of the Sabbath, they wouldn’t kill people for working on the Sabbath.
  7. 8For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day. – Jesus is Lord over the Sabbath. This means as heirs, the Sabbath is not over us either. We are lord over the Sabbath.
  8. We are blood covenant bought. Jesus lives in us. We make the same declaration about the Sabbath as Jesus did. Mark 2:27-28 says 27And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: 28Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath. -The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. Whether you worship on Saturday or Sunday has nothing to do with whether you are going to heaven. What determines this is what you do on the other 6 days of the week. Often we are at our best on 7th. When you declare God can only be observed on certain days, you have minimized the Sabbath to serve you. We don’t condemn people who worship on Saturday and we should not be condemned for worshiping on Sunday.
  9. 9. Components of the Sabbath
    1. Should be a revival. The six days we lived has exhausted us. When we come to church it ought to be about to being filled up and revived. If you come to church drained and leave feeling more drained, you’re probably in the wrong place. You can’t live pouring into others and not ever being poured back into.
    2. Should be about Reflection– We should be able to take the word of God, reflect over it, and see where our life is going. You can’t do that when you are busy. Ex- Stop complaining about how long it takes you to get out of the parking lot after church. Take this time to reflect.
    3. We should Rest– Take an opportunity to rest on the Sabbath. Most preachers work on the Sabbath, so they often are not able to start their rest until later that evening and on until Monday. Note: When a Pastor gets through preaching, ministering, and pouring out, it is not a time to put something on him heavy to answer. He is empty and has to be replenished first.

Fifth Commandment

Honor thy father and thy mother, that your days may be long upon the land, which the Lord your God is giving you… Exodus 20:12

Proverbs 30:11-17 says 11There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother. 12There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness. 13There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up. 14There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men. 15The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough: 16The grave; and the barren womb; the earth that is not filled with water; and the fire that saith not, It is enough. 17The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. – When you honor your Mother and your Father, your days will be longer upon this earth.

  1. 1. How do we show honor:
    1. In word – Start with respect. Learn to say “Yes ma’am” and “Yes sir” when you address your parents.
    2. In gesture -Joseph bowed to his father. Genesis 46:29 says 29And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. , 1 Kings 2:19 says 19Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand. – Bathsheba was Solomon’s mother. King Solomon bowed to greet his Mother and had a seat placed on the right hand side of his through. Being seated to the right was a place of power. Solomon let the whole kingdom know he respected his mother
    3. By obedience. Ephesians 6:1 says 1Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. – If the command is against God, then and only then the parent loses the right to be obeyed.
    4. By instruction. We have to learn to listen to their cancel and hear their instruction. Proverbs 1:8 says 8My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother: Ex- Bishop tells of a friend he had in Louisiana named Willie. Bishop explains that he was tired of his Mother trying to pick his friends. Willie was the same age as Bishop and he liked taking risks. Bishop’s Mother told Bishop he could not hang out with Willie. One night, Bishop got a public whipping for hanging out with Willie. Years later, Bishop went to the State Fair in Louisiana and there was this elderly guy sitting by the gate. Bishop walked through the gate and the elderly called out, “Joe?” When Bishop looked around, he saw that it was Willie. Bishop hardly recognized Willie. Life had taken toll on him. We have to get to point where we learn to accept and follow the instruction of our parents. Even in church, the extended parental relationship that most of us grew up needs to be put back in place. Any adult ought to be able to correct a child that is out of line, without the fear of the parent cursing them out.
    5. In meeting their needs. Genesis 47:12 says 12And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father’s household, with bread, according to their families. John 19:26 says 26When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! – When Jesus was on the cross, looked at John the disciple and said take care of my mother.
    6. 2. Reasons why we honor our parents:
      1. There comes a time that you have to recognize that even if they didn’t know how to parent correctly, we have to be able to honor them, even if you have to ask God to release you from the pain.
      2. Honor should come to the elders of the church. Honor your elders and your days may be long too.
      3. Your mother got pregnant with you. We all share one thing. We know we were born of a mother.  Somebody was pregnant with you had a lot a choices to make at that time and they chose to carry you to term. That alone is worth honoring them, if nothing else.

Sixth Commandment

Though shalt not kill Exodus 20:13

  1. If you would be honest, there are a lot of us that thought about killing someone in some moments.
  2. Killing deals with the word murder
  3. Jesus translates this by saying though shall not murder. This is the unjustified killing of another.
  4. Murder can consist of Homicide, suicide, genocide.
    1. Homicide is the murdering of a person.
    2. Suicide is the murdering of oneself.
    3. Genocide is mass killing.
    4. When you study the scripture, from the Torah’s perspective all the way to the New Testament, you will see the law gives permission for governments to execute death of those who kill. The bible says, when one kills, there is a life for a life. That’s how the Jews lived. Note: Please note, we are not expressing our stance on capital punishment. The point here is just to deal with the bible’s perspective at this point.
    5. Paul talked about the reprobate mind. Romans 1:29-33 says 29Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: 32Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.  -. To kill is to take something that you didn’t’ give. If you didn’t give life, you shouldn’t take it.
    6. When you kill somebody, you could be on a slippery slope as it relates to where you will spend eternity. Are we saying you will automatically go to hell if you kill somebody? No. God did use murderers, so it implies that maybe you can be forgiven for it.
    7. When we murder somebody, we are taking something precious. God blew his breath in Adam and he became a living being. When you kill someone, you are saying I want your watch, your car, your money so bad, I am ready to take God out of you. Then we will have to face God in eternity and say I did this (taking all of what God put into that person) for a watch, a car, or money. What does it prophet a man to gain the whole world and lose his soul? When we murder, we are willing to take God out of that person and face God on judgment for it?
    8. When we commit suicide, we are so selfish, we are willing to take our own life, and not think about our family. We are just going to think about what we want. Our life was never ours to take. It was always God’s. When we commit suicide we are saying to God, “Take this. I don’t want it!” simply because we are hurt, disappointed, or somebody doesn’t like us.

10.  How many have been in relationship with somebody and something traumatic happened that caused us to feel like we died. How many of you as a young child had something happen to you that caused something inside you to die. How many have had people who never had a conversation with you, create perceptions about you that made you feel like a dead person walking? The next time you open your mouth up to talk about somebody, see your mouth as a weapon. If not for Jesus, none of us would have been resurrected and brought back to life.

11.  God wants us to choose life. Deuteronomy 30:19 says 19I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live:-God says he lays before us every day, life and death. He wants us to choose life. Rebuke those that say it is devil attacking their body, when all the time it is cholesterol, cigarettes, and other things that we are doing to ourselves. The harm we do to our body is suicide in the slow lane. We don’t think about it this way. When we don’t take care of our bodies, then we are saying to God that he gave us this body and we are just willing to blow it. For some of us, all we want to do is come to church and shout and then get back to our cigarettes and the other harmful things we do. The body is the temple of the Holy Ghost. Ex – Bishop explains that since he has been on his diet, people tell him not to lose any more weight. Bishop explains that if he was getting bigger, no one would say anything. We have gotten used to seeing people harm themselves. Bishop has chosen not to contribute to his own demise.

12. Why should we choose life?

  1. We should want to have life both here and in heaven. Romans 6:23 says 23For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord
  2. The thief comes to take our life. John 10:10 says 10The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.- All the thief comes to do is take life. No matter how he packages it, he is a taker. When you look at your engagements and affairs with Satan, he has taken more than he has given.
  3. God came that we would have abundant life. That is the Zoë or the God kind of life. God says what exists in heaven can exist in our life. Anything beneath Zoe is beneath what God has for my life. Let your God’s will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Every decision we make should be for God’s glory. We not are trying to get pie in the sky, but ham where we am, so to speak. We are trying to make good decision.
  4. Every day you wake up, thank God for life, no matter what Satan has done. Regardless of your financial situation, your heartaches, disappointments, and pains, we ought to wake up and say thank you that we are alive to know about it. We ought to thank God that we are in our right mind and that we didn’t wake up trying to brush our hair without toothbrush. God has been good to us. Every time with inhale and exhale, we ought to thank God for life.

[1] a person who observes the seventh day of the week, Saturday, as the Sabbath.

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About growintheword

I consider myself a Christian with an envangelistic calling. I like music, art, and computers. I belive that God gives us our gifts so that they may be used for his glory. It is my desire that everyone in the world comes to know God and have a personal relationship with him by means of music, evangelistic ministry, and by understanding the word of God.
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3 Responses to The Ten Commandments Part II, “The Fourth Commandment”

  1. penultima says:

    Acts 20:7 indeed is a confusing verse. There are a few things we need to understand about how this verse reads and what was meant. It reads in the KJV as follows, “And upon the first [day] of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.”

    But if you look at the original Greek (which is found here: http://www.blueletterbible.org/Bible.cfm?b=Act&c=20&v=7&t=KJV#conc/7), you will see that the word translated as “[day] of the week” is the Greek word, “sabbaton” (Strong’s number g4521) which means “the seventh day of each week”. The same translation occurs in 1 Cor 16:2, where the Greek word “sabbaton” meaning Sabbath, was translated as “day of the week”.

    So off the bat, it should be noted that it wasn’t “The first day of the week”, i.e. Sunday, but rather, “The first Sabbath”, i.e. the seventh-day of the week. These verses should read:

    “And upon the first **Sabbath**, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.” (Acts 20:7)

    “Upon the first **Sabbath** let every one of you lay by him in store, as [God] hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.” (1 Corinthians 16:2)

    You can research this for yourself. Just get a Strong’s concordance, or visit “www.blueletterbible.org” and use the concordance with the Hebrew/Greek lexicon.

    So Paul, preached all Sabbath (the seventh-day of the week) to the disciples, and departed the next day, which is the first day of the week.

    Also consider the following, they did not live by the same 24 hour clock that we do today. When the sun went down is when the day began –not at midnight. Days run from sunset to sunset, so, for example, the Sabbath (the 7th day) starts on “Friday” sunset and ends on “Saturday” sunset.

    So, this middle of the night, up to when Paul preached is actually the night portion of what we call “Friday”.

    Lastly, even if Paul did do some preaching or anything else on Sunday, that does not mean that the Most High changed the day of worship, nor the times when the days began.

    • penultima says:

      I wish to expand on my last sentence because I clicked the submit button before completing my whole thought.

      If a place could be found in the Bible when Paul preached on the 3rd day of the week, would that be proof for Tuesday being the Christian Sabbath/worship day? Obviously not.

    • growintheword says:

      I appreciate your comment. There is no way that we will ever get people to believe what the real Sabbath is. This was not the point. I believe it was Saturday although we worship on Sunday. However, it doesn’t matter. Whatever day we choose to honor the Sabbath, we should try to be true to it. I don’t think we will miss salvation, because we chose to worship on Saturday as opposed to Sunday or vice versa.

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