The 12 Disciples, Bible Study 04/21/10

The 12 Disciples

Synopsis of Bible Study 04/21/10

Delivered by Bishop Walker III

The apostles were the foundation of the Church. The apostles were sent out to establish churches. The apostles were called Disciples while they were working and being trained by God, but they became Apostles after they were sent to do the work that they were trained do. They were to start churches.

Revelation 21:14 says 14And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. – The names of the 12 apostles are entrenched in walls of the New Jerusalem.

The 12 Disciples were 12 Jewish men who followed Jesus throughout his 3 yr ministry on earth.

11 of the 12 Disciples were from Galilee, except for one which was from Judea. This one from Judea was named Judas.

Some of the Disciples were married and some were not. Some sample scriptures are: Mark 1:29-31:29And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.  30But Simon’s wife’s mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her. 31And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them. 1 Corinthians 9:3-6 says 3Mine answer to them that do examine me is this, 4Have we not power to eat and to drink? 5Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas? 6Or I only and Barnabas, have not we power to forbear working?

The 12 Disciples by name

  1. Andrew
  2. Bartholomew (Nathanael)
  3. James (son of Zebedee)
  4. James (the lesser or younger)
  5. John (the son of Thunder, the Revelation)
  6. Judas
  7. Thaddeus (Jude)
  8. Matthew
  9. Peter (Cephas, Rock, Simon)
  10. Phillip
  11. Simon
  12. Thomas (Doubting Thomas) He was a born a twin.

About the Disciples

First we will introduce you to a term called martyrdom. These were people who died for the cause of Jesus. All of the Disciples/Apostles were martyred in one way or another.  


  • He was a fisherman by occupation
  • He was the brother of Peter and the son of Jonahs.
  • He lived in Capernaum.
  • He was a disciple of John the Baptist originally. (Mark 1:1 -18).
  • He brought Peter to Jesus
  • He was condemned to die on the cross.
  • Andrew felt so unworthy to be crucified in the same fashion as Jesus, he requested to be crucified with an X-shaped cross.
  • His Symbol: Two crossed fish in the shape of an X or the X shape
  • Personality trait: Enthusiastic about Christ, Inquisitive, resourceful
  • Life lesson: He felt that we should go out and eagerly share the good news about Jesus Christ

Bartholomew (Nathanael)

  • Occupation was uncertain.
  • He was the son of Talmai.
  • Lived in Cannon Galilee.
  • We think he was a Romanian Missionary.
  • Many scholars think he came from royal blood. His name means son of Talmai. 2 Samuel 3:3 3And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; – Talmai was the king of Geshur whose daughter was Maacah which was the wife of David the Mother of Absalom.
  • Nathanael was really Bartholomew’s first name. ( John 1:47 – Jesus referred to him as Nathanael)
  • He died in India where he preached. He died by being fillet alive with knives.
  • His symbol: 3 parallel knives.
  • Personality traits: Skeptic, honest, and faithful. John 1:49: 49Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel.
  • Life’s Lesson: Believers are called to test all things scripture and remain true to its principle.

James (son of Zebedee, son of Thunder, James the Elder or James the Great)

  • His Occupation is a fisherman with his father and brother. Matthew 4:18-22 says 18And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 19And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. 20And they straightway left their nets, and followed him. 21And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them.  22And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him.
  • He lived in Capernaum.
  • He preached in Judea and Jerusalem. In AD44, he was beheaded by Herod. This task was done in public. Acts 12:1-2: 1Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church. 2And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.
  • He was the first of the 12 Disciples to die.
  • His symbol: 3 shells (sign of his pilgrimage by the sea).
  • Personality Trait: Vengeful and fiery, selfish, and conceited. He was committed to Christ and courageous to the end. Acts 12:2: 2And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.
  • Also part of Jesus’ inner circle (consisting of Peter, James, and John)
  • Life’s Lesson: Stand firm in the face of persecution.

James (the lesser or younger)

  • Uncertain about his occupation.
  • Brother of Jude.
  • This is the James that wrote the Apostle of James.
  • Strong character and committed.
  •  This James died a horrible death. This James died by being sawed alive into pieces.
  • His symbol: A saw.
  • Personality Traits: Strong character, Committed.
  • Life’s Lesson: He believed that all followers of Jesus can accomplish the work of God without being in the limelight.

John (Son of Thunder, The revelator)  

  • He was the son of Zebedee.
  • Brother of James the Great.
  • He was known as the beloved disciple.
  • Occupation: Fisherman
  • He was part of Jesus’ inner circle.
  • He wrote the gospel of John as well as 1, 2, & 3 John. He also wrote Revelation.
  • Asia Minor is where he preached. He was exiled to the aisle. Patmos. He was sent there to die a slow and painful death in exile.
  • He wrote what he saw in a vision after being led by the spirit of the Lord (found in the book of Revelations)
  • He was at the cross with Jesus. ‘
  • He died a natural death. There was an attempt to poison him though.
  • His Symbol: A snake around a cup is his symbol.
  • Personality traits: He was vengeful, fiery, judgmental, selfish, bold, loving, and compassionate after the Pentecost. Acts 4:13. 1 John 4.


  • He was the treasurer. John 12:5-06: 5Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 6This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
  • Son of Simon. He lived in Judah.
  • He betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver and hanged himself after that. Judas became the traitor.
  • He is hard to understand. We wonder if his betrayal was preordained by God or was Judas a demoniac agent. As a demonic agent, we wonder about the suicide? Can one repent from that? As being preordained by God, did God allow this just to execute the plan.
  • Was a violent Jewish Nationalist. He followed Jesus in hopes of promoting his own dreams. He used his position as treasurer often to negotiate.
  • His symbol: A hangman’s noose or money purse with silver coins falling out.
  • Personality Trait: Greedy, deceitful, treacherous, and remorseful.
  • Life’s lesson: He believed that not all who claim to follow Jesus are faithful to him and his foals.

Thaddeus (Jude)

  • He was the brother of James the younger.
  • We know very little about him.
  • He lived in Galilee. Assyria and Persia is where he preached.
  • He died in Persia.
  • Jerome called him Trinomious. This means a man with 3 names. Mark 3:18:18And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,- Here he is called Thaddaeus. Matthew 10:3: 3Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; – Here is called Lebbaeus. Luke 6:16: 16And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor. – Here he is called Judas.
  • He was characterized as a nationalist.
  • Asked Jesus how he would manifest to the disciples and not the world. He made himself kno n as king rather than servant.John 14:22-23:22Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? 23Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.
  • Jude was known for manifesting gifts of healing.
  • He died at Ararat-He died by arrows.
  • His symbol:  Ship, because he was a missionary thought to be a fisherman.
  • Personality Traits: Inquisitive, Confused
  • Life’s Lessons: Jesus will reveal truths to those who follow him



  • He was a Tax collector in Galilee. Matt 9:9
  • Lived in Capernaum.
  • He wrote the book of Matthew.
  • He died in Ethiopia
  • Jews hated tax collectors.
  • He was the first one to bring them the gospel in the Hebrew language so that they could understand it.
  • His symbol: 3 money bags (this was to remind us Matthew was a tax collector before being called to be a Disciple)
  • We don’t know how he died. We know he died and was martyred, but we don’t know how. They think he might have been cut open and burned at the stake, but we are not sure.
  • Personality Trait: Hospitable.
  • Life’s Lesson:  Jesus Christ is for everyone even sinners and outcasts.

Peter (Cephas, Rock, Simon)

  • He was as fisherman
  • He was the son of Jonahs from Capernaum.
  • He did evangelistic work among the Jews. He was crucified upside down. He asked to be turned upside down, because he didn’t think he was worthy to be crucified in the same manner as his savior. He was part of inner circle.
  • It is believed that he wrote 1 & 2 Peter.
  • Jesus called him Simon. He was like the chairman of the disciples.
  • His symbol: An upside down Cross. Other symbols for Peter were 2 crossed keys representing him being given the keys to the kingdom. In fact the whole apostolic succession belief is based on Peter. If you look at a Pope’s garment, there is two keys crossed sown on it.
  • Peter was the switch blade carrying disciple.
  • Personality traits: Impulsive yet cowardly, hot tempered yet tenderhearted, insightful yet dense.
  • He was courageous and solid after the Pentecost Experience.
  • Life’s Lesson: He believed that God can forgive our sins and strengthen the faith of those who love him.


  • He preached in Perugia. .He died a martyr in a place called Hierapolis.
  • He came from humble beginnings.
  • He was a fisherman.
  • The first 3 gospels record his name. In the gospel of John, Phillip becomes a living personality.
  • Scholars wonder if he was the same Phillip that was ordained as a deacon. Phillip was the one that read to the Enoch and showed him away.
  • He was hung and while doing so, he asked them not to wrap him up in linen and perfumes which was their form of embalming. He said he is not worthy of his body being treated the same way as Jesus’ body (his savior) was.
  • His Symbol: Basket of bread loaves, because he was part of the feeding the multitude.
  • Personality Traits: Practical, helpful, literal and confused. John 14:8


  • He was called a Canaanite.
  • He lived in Galilee.
  • He died of some form of crucifixion, but not sure what.
  • He was a nationalist very much into the law.
  • He hated people that compromised with Rome.
  • He had lots of faith. He was willing to share with the other disciples.
  • His symbol: Fish laying on bible indicating that he was a fisherman who became a fisherman of men as a preacher.
  • Personality Trait: Patriotic, loyal. Mark 3:18
  • Life’s Lessons: He believed we should sacrifice politics to follow Jesus.

Thomas (Doubting Thomas)

  • He was born a twin.
  • He was also known as Didymus. John 20:24
  • Hey labored in Persia and India.
  • He died in a place called Mount Saint Thomas in India.
  • His Hebrew name was Thomas and his Greek name was Didymus.
  • Sometimes they called him Judas.
  • This Thomas appeared at the raising of Lazarus from the dead.
  • He was in upper room when Jesus appeared with the disciples. Thomas was the one that said he didn’t know the way. He is known as doubting Thomas. He was the one that said he was not going to believe that Christ had risen until he saw the nail prints in his hand.
  • He died in India and with the spears.
  • His Symbol: A group spears, stones and arrows
  • Personality Trait: Inquisitive, doubtful, courageous, faithful.

Other interesting facts

What happened to Mark and Luke? Why weren’t they mentioned? Mark was not a walking disciple of Jesus. He was actually a disciple of Peter. Luke of Antioch was physician and he became a disciple of the Apostle Paul. Luke served the Lord unmarried, without children, and filled with the Holy Ghost. He died at the age 84.

If you walk by our Antioch location, know that the colors represent the tribes of Israel. The tribes are engraved on plaques on the ground under the pillars. Inside the atrium of our Antioch location, the twelve disciples are listed on the ceiling.-+


About growintheword

I consider myself a Christian with an envangelistic calling. I like music, art, and computers. I belive that God gives us our gifts so that they may be used for his glory. It is my desire that everyone in the world comes to know God and have a personal relationship with him by means of music, evangelistic ministry, and by understanding the word of God.
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20 Responses to The 12 Disciples, Bible Study 04/21/10

  1. John says:

    I wanted to offer a note of biblical correction on something you said in your comments on “The 12 Disciples”.

    Certainly those who love the truth would not intentionally present an unbiblical idea as if it was biblical. But, as the saying goes, one has to take off their own shoes before they can take a walk in someone else’s moccasins, and similarly, when it comes to a case of The Bible vs. Tradition, one has to be willing to let go of the traditions of men in order to see the truth that is hidden in plain sight in the text of scripture. has a free eBook that compares scripture with scripture in order to highlight the facts in the plain text of scripture that are usually overlooked about the “other disciple, whom Jesus loved”. Since the Bible is profitable for correction, you may want to weigh the testimony of scripture that it cites regarding the one whom “Jesus loved” and may find it to be helpful as it encourages bible students to heed the admonition, “prove all things”.

    • growintheword says:

      Good Morning,

      I am unclear what it is that you are saying that you disagree with. Could you please specify what it is specifically that you disagree with? I will say that a lot of what I believe is comes from sitting under my Pastor who has a Master of Divinity Degree from Vanderbilt University and a Doctor of Ministry Degree from Princeton Theological Seminary. Because of his credentials, I feel comfortable with his interpretation of scripture and his teachings. Still, if you have a disagreement with something that was posted, please specify what it is so I can look at it.

      Thanks for visting our blog and I hope to hear from you soon.

      God Bless!

      • John says:

        Along with ps. 118:8 which explicitly states that “It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man”, there are numerous other passages that indicate that simply adopting the ideas of well educated men is NOT a proper method for discerning biblical truth. For example, those who followed the MOST educated men, i.e. the scholars, of Jesus’ day would be more inclined to be against the truth, not for it.

        Furthermore, besides being HIGHLY educated in religious matters, Paul was an apostle with a direct commission from Jesus — (that would trump any Master of ‘x’ or Doctor of ‘y’ from any university) — and yet we see that the laity who heard his teaching did not simply soak it up or assume that his ‘scholarship’ meant that they should assume that he was always correct or accept his teaching without question, in fact just the opposite is true. Acts 17:11 speaks quite well of those who heard Paul’s teaching and then went and “searched the scriptures daily whether these things be so”. And, there is absolutely no biblical warrant for assuming that the admonition “prove all things” can be ignored when the one who is doing the talking/writing has a degree that was granted by other men who approved of his work.

        Two good rules of respect for the authority of God’s word: A) One should not be presenting an idea AS IF IT WERE BIBLICAL if they cannot cite a single verse that would justify teaching that idea – and – B) If the facts in the plain text of scripture prove that an idea is false, then those who love the truth will reject that false idea — no matter how many people believe it, no matter how loud some may shout it, no matter if a big-wig so-and-so believes it, no matter how long the false idea has been around, etc.

        Degrees do not determine truth on biblical issues; God’s word is the standard for judging biblical truth. So I would ask, given that men can be wrong — even men with degrees — what in scripture would lead you to believe that if someone with a degree presents an idea AS IF it was biblical, that those who hear that idea do not need to subject that teaching to biblical scrutiny simply because of this-or-that degree?

  2. growintheword says:

    Again you are rambling and not answering the question. I simply need to know what it is that you disagree with. If you can’t tell me what you disagree with, I will have to make this our last transmission.

    My aim is not debate my Pastor’s credentials with you nor to play Devil’s Advacote with you. I am simply here to share what I have learned with those who are willing to receive it. Those that do not want it are free to use other sources as part of their research and meditation.

    May God bless you in your futher endeavors.

  3. Apostle Carla McDougald says:

    Good morning, first allow me to say that I agree with both of you on certain points. We are called as disciples of Christ to be trained and taught of Him, by Him, through Men and Women of God of His choosing,therefore we must honor them as such. However, we are taught in scripture to study this truth(God’s Word) for ourselves, 2 Tim. 2:15; Acts 17:11. We are strongly encouraged to study without regard to our traditions or religious affiliations.
    In the first post I read, it is stated that the disciples were called, trained, and sent out to establish churches and then they became Apostles. That is denominational correct(depending upon one’s denomination), but it is biblically incorrect. The disciples were called, trained, given power(that part of God given us enabling us to fulfill the assignment given us by God) over every unclean spirit, and to heal ALL manner of sickness and disease(that covers every satanic attack). 2 Corinthians 12:12, tells us the signs of apostles(patience, signs, and wonders, and mighty deeds), is that not what Jesus gave the disciples in Matt. 10:1 before He sent them out? They were called to be Apostles in order to establish churches, and not because of how many churches they established.

    Please continue to honor your Man/Woman of God for his/her tireless efforts to labor in the Word in order to deliver it before the people. But, always make sure that you yourself are recording notes so that you can go back and study for yourself. Remember, you are ultimately responsible for your study of, knowledge of, understanding of, and obedience to His Word!

    You are Blessed Beyond Measure,
    Apostle Carla

  4. raf says:

    can you email me your reference materials or bibliography? thanks! Good work,

  5. Melissa Quant says:

    This is the James that wrote the Apostle of James.* I think you meant to write this is Not the James who wrote the book of James in the end of the Bible. 🙂 That James was Jesus’ half brother, I believe.

  6. Rodney says:

    John I hear you… But I too was hoping that you would say EXACTLY what you disagreed with and why.

    On the other I really appreciated this article on the disciples.

    • growintheword says:

      Thanks Rodney. I thought about shutting this blog down last year, but because of people like you, I try to keep it going. Pray me strength in The Lord and thanks again. God bless!

      • Rodney says:

        This blog was instrumental in a sermon tonight that would have reached hundreds of people in a village in Trinidad.

        THANK YOU

  7. flyingstarts says:

    This has been very helpful to me. For the record, I agree with what you have written and researched most of it. I have always understood the James that wrote the book “James” was Jesus half brother. Never-the-less, thank you for the personality profile on these guys. peace, love and blessings…

  8. centrebet says:

    Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment (it was
    super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any tips for beginner blog writers? I’d definitely appreciate it.

    • growintheword says:

      Thanks for the encouragement. I consider myself new as a blogger as well, so probably wouldn’t be the best source of advice. LOL

      If would however like to say, let your heart guide you. I had ideas of how I wanted my blog to operate, but I sort of let it mold itself into what was needed according to the season we were in.

      Don’t worry about trying to make your blog like someone else’s. God can get more out of you if you are who he made you to be.


  9. Gods Child says:

    Excellent Blog, as all with praise the name of the Lord.. It is true that we must seek out personal knowledge or awareness of our Lord (Y’shua) & our Father (YHWH), for He wishes to establish a relationship with all. We must also understand that there will be a difference concerning the gifts, along with closer relations; being that each heart is not the same, though each follower builds the body of Christ. This is not the talking of an degree, but the spirit of a 32 year old man; who pledges to seek the will of the Father (YHWH) wholeheartedly, while understanding many will attempt to disprove the truth. May all who seek find what they are looking for, & may the door be open for those who are not religion or tradition based. Keep in mind Psalms 16:9, as it to be considered a life ordained.. May the Lords (Y’shua) presence , & the Grace of the living God (YHWH) be upon you all.. God bless.. (For the Son is in the bosom (heart) of the Father).. Amen & Amen!!

  10. Gods Child says:

    Would any one suggest utilizing His (Yeshua) birth given name in hebrew, or should one presume with the worldy transition; Jesus?..

  11. Jill S. says:

    This is FABULOUS!!!!! I look forward to getting on my laptop and reading more of your work. Thank you ever so much for sharing the information. You know what is so mind boggling sometimes? Well, to me it it. That these men were real, they lived and chose to follow Jesus (except Judas). They really walked the earth with the Son of God!
    Thank you again so much!
    Rock on!

    • growintheword says:

      Thanks soo much for the kind words and encouragement. My wife was diagnosed with breast cancer last year and through the hustle and bustle of that storm, I allowed myself to get too busy to post. Your encouragement convicted me into realizing that I have to get back into the game. Thanks so much for motivating me. I am honored and blessed by your kindness. May God bless you in a tremendous way

  12. Lena says:

    I know who John is. He doesn’t believe John son of Zebedee is the beloved disciple. He thinks is Lazarus.

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